Who is who within the European institutions? | eu-magazine.com
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AUTHOR: Maria Hoff Rudhult, Sweden
2014 was a year full of action within the European institutions. Not only because of the European Parliament’s elections, but also the elections and appointment of the new Commission, a new President of the European Council and the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
Since January 2012, the President of the parliament is the German Social Democrat Martin Schulz. On 1st July 2014 he was re-elected President and became the first President in the history of the European Parliament to be re-elected a second time. In short, his role is to chair plenary sittings, the Conference of the Presidents of Political Groups within the Parliament as well as the Bureau of Parliament. He also oversees all the activities of the Parliament, its bodies and represents it in all legal matters.
Another important institution of the European Union is the Commission. The Commission manages the day-to-day business of implementing EU policies, drafting proposals of new laws as well as handling the EU budget. After the European elections last year, Jean-Claude Juncker was elected and appointed as President of the Commission. As the head of the European Commission, the President decides his own policy agenda, which sets the strategic guidelines for the union.
The European Council is now composed by its President, the Heads of State and of government, the President of the Commission and EU High Representative. The President of the European Council is since the first of December last year, former polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk. The European Council and its president’s role is to define the EU’s broad policies and to lead bilateral discussions with each member state regarding EU policies.